rozella bia≥olica rozella bia≥olica

eastern rosella

Platycercus Eximius

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The colors of parrots

Types of mutations

Sex-linked Recessive

Autosomal Recessive


Combinations of mutations






Combinations of mutations

Red ino (rubino)
1,0 rubino

This ”mutation” occurred from combination two recessive coupled with the sex mutations: lutino and red. For the first time in 1992 a Belgian breeder Mr. Willy Eeckelov probably brought it up. In Australia rubino appeared a few years later. In this mutation similarly as lutino a eumelanin reduction took place. It is very rarely to find such birds which remain eumelanin appears occasionally in black plumage. Red dye psittacin spread at the expense of yellow. Birds have a red belly and flatten similarly to the opal mutation. The red color of tail as well as intensity of appearing red coat differs from individuals.  para rubino Often we can see birds with a large amount of red color on the back as well as almost yellow. The number of red plumage increase after first plumage. Tail of rosella rubino can be yellow or red. Eyes are red color as in lutino. The beak, legs and nails are also bright. There are more valued birds universally with large amounts of red color. Last period of time thanks to selective breeding it turned up so-called intense rubino. In these birds the red coat exchanged practically in one big red stain on the back. These specimens have their supporters as well as opponents.

Having birds of the opal and lutino mutation, we can ourselves bring up rubino birds. Connecting pair of male lutino with opal female or inversely opal male with female lutino in the so-called F1 generation we will receive all young males naturally colored. These males will be split simultaneously to red color and gene ino. Next associating such a male with e lutino or opal female we will receive the 35% of females in the F2 generation rubino.

1,0 normal/red, ino x 0,1 ino
35% 1,0 ino/red
15% 1,0 ino
35% 1,0 normal/ino
15% 1,0 normal/red, ino
35% 0,1 normal
15% 0,1 ino
35% 0,1 red ino = rubinio
15% 0,1 red


1,0 normal/red, ino x 0,1 red
35% 1,0 normal/red
15% 1,0 red
35% 1,0 red/ino
15% 1,0 normal/red, ino
35% 0,1 normal
15% 0,1 ino
35% 0,1 red ino = rubinio
15% 0,1 red

In order to raise male rubino, should connect the opal male split to the gene ino or normally colored split on opal and ino with the female rubino.

1,0 normal/red, ino x 0,1 red ino (rubino)
15% 1,0 red/ino
35% 1,0 red ino = rubino
15% 1,0 ino/red
35% 1,0 normal/red, ino
35% 0,1 normal
15% 0,1 ino
35% 0,1 red ino = rubino
15% 0,1 red


1,0 red/ino x 0,1 red ino (rubino)
50% 1,0 red/ino
50% 1,0 red ino = rubino
50% 0,1 red ino = rubino
50% 0,1 red

Blue ino (albino)
cynamonowe albino

Albinos are completely white birds about red eyes. Their beak, claws, legs have a light, flesh-colored color. Albinos arise as a result of combination recessive mutation coupled with the sex (lutino) with the recessive mutation autosomal (blue). In order to bring up the albino should cross the lutino bird with blue. Albinism will be seen in the phenotype, when the bird will be a representative simultaneously of two mutations (blue and lutino) in the genotype.

1,0 ino x 0,1 blue
1,0 100% normal/blue, ino
0,1 100% ino/blue

Connecting into pair two split from F1 (of course not siblings) we can receive in F2 statistically the 12.5% albino males and 12.5 % albino females.

1,0 normal/blue, ino x 0,1 ino/blue
12,5 % 1,0 normal/ino
25,0 % 1,0 normal/blue, ino
12,5 % 1,0 blue/ino
12,5 % 1,0 ino
25,0 % 1,0 ino/blue
12,5 % 1,0 blue, ino = albino
12,5 % 0,1 ino
25,0 % 0,1 ino/blue
12,5 % 0,1 blue, ino = albino
12,5 % 0,1 normal
25,0 % 0,1 normal/blue
12,5 % 0,1 blue

© Pawe≥ Paw≥owski
A.D. 2010